The Skimmer & MPA News

The Skimmer on Marine Ecosystems and Management

By Tundi Agardy, Contributing Editor, MEAM. Email: tundiagardy [at] earthlink.net

What we are beginning to understand about the impact that plastics have on marine life (and, by extension, all life) is a parable for how humans impact the oceans in other ways. Recent research that looks beyond the accumulation of debris and its interaction with marine life shows that the effects of plastic pollution are myriad, complex, and difficult to address.

The Skimmer on Marine Ecosystems and Management

Editor’s note: In most instances in this article, the term “value” is used to indicate the importance and/or usefulness of something and is not a reference to a strictly monetary value. Cultural ecosystem services (described briefly in the article) provide a useful typology for cultural values that the ocean holds for stakeholders.

The Skimmer on Marine Ecosystems and Management

By Tundi Agardy, Contributing Editor, MEAM. Email: tundiagardy [at] earthlink.net

Editor’s note: In this article, the term “value” is generally used to indicate the importance and/or usefulness of something and is not a referring to a strictly monetary value. Cultural ecosystem services or “cultural services” provide a typology for cultural values that the ocean holds for stakeholders.

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