Editor’s Note: In June 2018, US President Donald Trump issued Executive Order 13840 Ocean Policy To Advance the Economic, Security, and Environmental Interests of the United States. This executive order formally revokes Executive Order 13547 Stewardship of the Ocean, Our Coasts, and the Great Lakes, issued in July 2010 by former US President Barack Obama. MEAM interviewed Sarah Winter Whelan, director of the American Littoral Society's Ocean Policy Program and Healthy Oceans Coalition, about what these changes mean for ocean planning in the US, including existing regional ocean plans.
Latest Skimmer Articles
OCTO recently launched two new podcasts called OCTOPOD and Salish Shes.
Both are perfect for your morning commute!
We would love to hear your thoughts on these so please rate and comment on the episode pages.
Editor’s note: The Skimmer is a MEAM feature where we briefly review the latest news and research on a topic. Last week, I had the opportunity to attend the 4th International Symposium on Effects of Climate Change on the World’s Oceans (ECCWO), held in Washington, DC. This symposium gathered scientists and managers from more than 50 nations to discuss the latest science on climate change impacts on ocean ecosystems, identify climate risks and knowledge gaps, and determine best ways to respond to sustain ocean resources and communities. Here is a quick summary of some recent and brand new research findings presented at the symposium on how weather and climate extremes are impacting marine ecosystems, as well as insights shared by speakers. (Learn about climate change tools and resources presented at the symposium in this month’s EBM Toolbox). Part 2 of the Skimmer, coming out next month, will feature more research and insights from ECCWO on how we can manage and conserve ocean ecosystems in a rapidly changing climate.
We know that extreme weather events (such as marine heatwaves) and other climate change-associated effects (including ocean warming, ocean deoxygenation, and ocean acidification) are dramatically altering marine ecosystems. But we are still figuring out the how, how much, and why of these changes. Some perspectives on what we know and what we still need to know:
- UN negotiations on Paris climate agreement fall short; emergency negotiation session added
- UN sustainable development goal for oceans getting least attention and resources
- UN IMO adopts strategy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from ships
- India to ban all single use plastic by 2022
- G7 countries negotiate international charter to eliminate plastic waste
- Marine heatwaves becoming longer and more frequent
- Study finds climate change may make MPAs largely uninhabitable by current species by 2100
- Study predicts range shifts for hundreds of North American marine species under climate change
- Study examines mandates and challenges for EBM in the EU, Canada, and US
- Massive online open course on assessing and managing Large Marine Ecosystems now open for enrollment
- Conservation X Labs competition seeks technology solutions to ocean conservation challenges
- New reports released on ocean hazards and risk and how the global insurance industry needs to act
- Massachusetts and Rhode Island choose developers for offshore wind projects to provide 1,200MW energy; commercial fishers in US Northeast concerned about conflicts
- US Bureau of Ocean Energy Management seeking public input on potential locations for offshore wind leases off US Atlantic Coast
- Number of overfished stocks in the US reaches all time low
- NOAA report says high tide flooding may occur half the year along US East Coast/Gulf of Mexico by end of century
- US House of Representatives rejects most proposed budget cuts for NOAA but defunds some federal MSP and EBM activities
- Want to know how the Trump administration is changing US environmental policy? A short version. A detailed version.
Editor's note: The goal of The EBM Toolbox is to promote awareness of tools and methods for facilitating EBM and MSP processes. It is brought to you by the EBM Tools Network (www.ebmtools.org), a network to share knowledge, tools, and experiences to promote ecosystem-based management of coastal and marine environments. This column presents some of the new tools, resources, and initiatives for dealing with the effects of climate change on ocean ecosystems that were presented at the recent International Symposium on Effects of Climate Change on the World’s Oceans, held in Washington, DC.
OpenChannels.org has just updated and expanded its list of ocean conservation, management, and science-related conferences. (Over 50 conferences from around the world listed right now!) Check out the list at https://www.openchannels.org/conferences.
Submit additional suggestions for the list at https://www.openchannels.org/submit-conference.
The EBM Tools Network recently co-hosted a webinar on Reducing Coastal Risk with Natural Defenses: The Latest Ecology, Engineering, and Economics of Natural Infrastructure, presented by Mike Beck of The Nature Conservancy and the University of California Santa Cruz. This talk summarized recent high-level research findings on the ecology, engineering, and economics of natural infrastructure and gave more detail on topics covered in MEAM’s recent lead article “Can we insure our way to healthier oceans and ocean communities?”
“Most of us grew up in a world where data were rare and expensive to collect. In contrast, culturomics is firmly situated in the 21st-century world of abundant, ‘messy’ data, produced from the interactions between humans and the digital world.”
---- Richard Ladle, Federal University of Alagoas
In the past, MEAM’s coverage of social media has focused on how social media platforms (e.g., Twitter, Facebook, Flickr, Snapchat, Instagram) can be used to communicate with and educate stakeholders and the general public. But this view of social media as primarily an outreach tool largely ignores the fact that these platforms (as well as other digital venues such as online discussion groups and internet search engines such as Google) also provide a source of publicly available information on human interactions with coastal and marine environments. Analyzing data from these platforms can tell us where people are going in coastal and marine environments, why they are going there, what they are doing once they get there, what they are seeing and hearing, and how they are feeling about it – often complete with geotags, timestamps, photographs, and videos.
MEAM and you, an infographic
- Commonwealth nations agree on coordinated actions to protect oceans
- UN begins negotiations for treaty to protect high seas biodiversity
- Sweden developing marine spatial plans for its territorial waters and EEZ
- Northern Ireland soliciting public comment on draft marine plan until mid-June
- Belgium to begin soliciting comments on draft marine spatial plan in July
- New study published on marine spatial planning (MSP) for blue growth
- Trump administration opening up additional areas for wind energy in US Northeast
- Study estimates warming ocean could reduce global fish catch
- Researchers report catches from deep sea trawling grossly underreported
- Report examines ways to increase ocean food production sustainably
- US NOAA publishes global list of fisheries and their risks to marine mammals
- Only 2 percent of world’s oceans in strongly implemented, fully protected areas
- New tool analyzes how well important biodiversity and ecosystem services are represented in marine protected areas (see a webinar on this work on June 14)
- Free paper provides primer for how to use social media for fisheries science and management
- Experts requested for assessments of natural values and benefits and sustainable use of wild species
- Report proposes increases in foreign aid for solid waste management to improve quality of life for world’s poorest people and dramatically reduce plastic entering the ocean
- IOC/UNESCO MSP website updated to include extensive MSP glossary, downloadable versions of three major MSP publications, summaries of and status reports on MSP initiatives in 68 countries, longer descriptions of MSP activities around the world, an updated version of the IOC MSP guide, and more MSP-related resources from around the world